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By Farnoush Jamali
December 30, 2020
Category: Child Healthcare
Tags: Untagged

Scheduled bathroom times are necessary to get young children accustomed to having control over their bodies. What happens if your child is going way more than usual, or complains of being in pain each time they go pee? Take your child to Dr. Farnoush Jamali at Prime Pediatrics in the Gaithersburg, MD area to rule out urinary tract infections and other conditions.

Signs of a Urinary Tract Infection in Children

Symptoms include:

  • Pain or pressure in the lower back while urinating. The child will express that voiding their bladder hurts somehow.
  • Urine with an unusual consistency or a strange odor. This description includes but is not limited to cloudy and bloody urine. The pee may be foul-smelling.
  • Going to the bathroom more often than usual. If your child has to go to the bathroom a lot but also has more accidents than what is normal for them, you might want to take your child to see a doctor.
  • Nausea and vomiting are also telltale signs that your child may be suffering from a UTI.

Reducing the risk

Young girls are at higher risk of getting a UTI due to a shorter urethra that can be susceptible to bacteria, so diligent wiping and hygiene habits are crucial. Untreated UTIs can result in kidney damage later, so you must catch the symptoms as early as possible.


UTI Treatment

Most young patients with urinary tract infections will get antibiotics. After the treatment cycle, the antibiotics are finished and the urinary tract infection does not return.
If you suspect that your child might be battling a urinary tract infection, do not hesitate to call Prime Pediatrics in Gaithersburg, MD at (301) 977-2440. Dr. Jamali will be able to provide you with the answers you need so that you and your child can rest easy.

By Farnoush Jamali
December 03, 2020
Category: Children's Health
Signs of a Pediatric UTIA urinary tract infection isn’t just something that happens to adults. Children can also develop UTIs. Since children are more likely to suffer from kidney damage as a result of a UTI you must see your pediatric doctor right away if you suspect that your child may be dealing with a urinary tract infection. Signs and symptoms include,
  • Increased urgency to urinate, even if there is no output
  • Cloudy or strong-smelling urine
  • A decreased output of urine
  • Children may complain of a burning sensation when urinating
  • Older children may complain of lower stomach or back pain
  • Younger children may cry when urinating
  • Wetting the bed
We know that infants and young children can’t tell us what hurts and where, so we have to look for other signs that they could be dealing with a urinary tract infection. Young children may have a fever, loose stools, refuse to eat, and be more irritable than usual. When they wet their diaper, you may notice that the urine smells strong or bad.
Diagnosing UTIs in Children

If your child is showing symptoms of a UTI you must see your pediatrician right away. A simple urine sample is all that’s needed to be able to detect the presence of bacteria. We can examine the urine sample under the microscope and provide results in a matter of minutes. The kind of bacteria that’s present will help us determine the type of antibiotics we will prescribe.
Treating Childhood UTIs

It’s important to seek treatment right away, as untreated UTIs can lead to more serious problems including kidney infections, abscesses, and sepsis. Your pediatrician can prescribe antibiotics. Your child should also be getting plenty of fluids during the course of their treatment to help flush out bacteria.
It’s also important that your child continues to take their medication even if they start to feel better (do not stop the medication). If symptoms do not improve within three days, or if they get worse, you must call your pediatrician immediately.
Our pediatrics team is here to make sure that your child gets the care they need, whenever they are dealing with everything from a fever or stomach upset to a UTI. If your child develops a UTI, talk to your pediatrician right away.
By Farnoush Jamali
November 30, 2020
Category: Child Healthcare
Tags: Tonsillitis  

Could your child's throat pain be caused by tonsillitis? The inflammation, a common cause of sore throats in children, is among the many illnesses your child's pediatricians, Drs. Farnoush Jamali and Vahid Khajoee, treat at their pediatrics practice in Gaithersburg, MD.

What is tonsillitis?

Tonsillitis occurs when the tonsils, two oval-shaped, fleshy pads on either side of the throat, become inflamed or infected. The tonsils help your child's body fight germs that find their way into the body through the nose or mouth. Unfortunately, these same germs can also inflame the tonsils.

What are the signs and symptoms of tonsillitis?

If your child has tonsillitis, he or she may experience:

  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Bad breath
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • Trouble swallowing or pain when swallowing
  • Earache
  • Raspy voice

You can see your child's tonsils if you use a flashlight. Inflamed tonsils appear red and may have white or red spots on them. Younger children who have tonsillitis may be uninterested in feeding and might seem a little cranky or lethargic. An increase in drooling can also be a sign of a throat issue.

How is tonsillitis treated?

Treatment varies depending on whether the illness is caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Although viral tonsillitis usually goes away on its own, your child's pediatrician may recommend a few measures that can ease his or her pain, including saltwater gargles, throat lozenges, and over-the-counter pain relievers. Soft foods and liquids may be the best options until your child's throat pain eases.

Bacterial tonsillitis is treated with antibiotics that will kill the germs responsible for the infection. Pain relievers, lozenges, gargling, and offering soft foods and liquids will also improve your child's comfort if he or she has bacterial tonsillitis.

Call the pediatrics office in Gaithersburg if your child has throat pain that lasts more than two days, pain is severe, your child's neck is stiff, or your son or daughter has a high fever (103F or higher). If your child has difficulty breathing, go to the emergency room immediately.

If your child has any of these symptoms, it's time to make an appointment with the Gaithersburg, MD, pediatrics office of Drs. Farnoush Jamali and Vahid Khajoee. Call the pediatricians at (301) 977-2440 to schedule your son or daughter's visit.

By Farnoush Jamali
November 30, 2020
Category: Child Healthcare
Tags: Conjunctivitis  

How your pediatricians in Gaithersburg, Maryland can help protect your child’s eyes

If your child has ever had conjunctivitis, it can be scary. Your child’s vision is important, and you want to protect it. The pediatricians at Prime Pediatrics in Gaithersburg, Maryland offer comprehensive medical care for infants and children, including treatment for conjunctivitis, commonly known as pinkeye.

Conjunctivitis or pinkeye is caused by infection or inflammation of the eyeball membrane, known as the conjunctiva, and inner eyelid. This inflammation or infection can be caused by allergies, bacteria, or a virus.

Signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis include:

  • Eye redness and itching
  • Excessive tearing of your child’s eyes
  • A discharge coming from your child’s eyes
  • Crusting around your child’s eyes

If you think your child may have conjunctivitis, your pediatrician can help. Common treatments for conjunctivitis include:

  • Antihistamines, if the conjunctivitis is caused by allergies
  • Antibiotic eye drops if the conjunctivitis is caused by bacteria

If your newborn may have conjunctivitis, you need to see your pediatrician as soon as you can. Conjunctivitis in a newborn can be caused by a blocked tear duct or an infection and can have serious complications. Typically, newborns will develop eye drainage within 1 to 2 weeks of birth. The eyelids will look swollen and red.

You need to remember that conjunctivitis is highly contagious, so do not touch the area with your hands. Coming into contact with your child’s eyes or eye secretions can transfer conjunctivitis to you. Remember to thoroughly wash any bedding or other items that have come into contact with your child’s eyes.

If you have questions about conjunctivitis or other children’s health topics, your pediatrician is an expert and can help. Your child needs to visit a pediatrician regularly for immunizations, well-child visits, school physicals, and other services. Regular visits help keep your child healthy.

To find out more about conjunctivitis causes, symptoms, and treatment, call the pediatricians of Prime Pediatrics in Gaithersburg, Maryland at (301) 977-2440. Call today!

By Farnoush Jamali
October 28, 2020
Category: Child Healthcare
Tags: Chicken Pox  
Your Child and Chicken PoxYou just got the call from your child’s school: someone in your kid’s class has chickenpox. This highly contagious virus isn’t usually anything to worry about, but it can certainly cause some very unpleasant symptoms for your child, including a terribly red and itchy rash all over the body and face. If you’re concerned about chickenpox, your pediatrician can tell you everything that you should know about this common childhood infection.

How can I tell that it’s chickenpox?

Since chickenpox is caused by a viral infection, most children will develop common symptoms of an infection before the rash even develops. These symptoms include:

  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Stomach upset
  • Headache
  • Body aches
  • Loss of appetite
The rash will usually appear 1-2 days after your child has been exposed to chickenpox. This rash consists of itchy, fluid-filled blisters that crust over within 4-5 days. Some children may only develop a few blisters on their body while others may develop hundreds.

How is chickenpox treated?

It is incredibly important that you keep your child from scratching the rash, as this can lead to infection and make their symptoms worse. Several home remedies can ease discomfort and itching. Some of these include:

  • Applying calamine lotion
  • Making sure that your child is drinking enough water and staying hydrated
  • Soaking in a bath with baking soda for 20-30 minutes to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Applying cold compresses to the rash
  • Taking an over-the-counter antihistamine (talk with your pediatric doctor first before giving your child any medication)

Should my child see a doctor?

If your child is experiencing the typical symptoms of chickenpox, then chances are good that you won’t have to bring them into the office. The only thing you can do is wait. You should call your pediatrician if:
  • Your newborn is showing signs of chickenpox
  • Your child’s fever goes away and then comes back
  • Your child has a high fever
  • Some areas of the rash are getting larger or are painful (signs of infection)

Is there a way to prevent chickenpox?

The good news is that children today can be protected against chickenpox with a simple vaccine. The chickenpox vaccine is administered in two doses: the first vaccine is administered when your baby is 12 to 15 months and a second vaccine is administered at 4-6 years old.

If you want to protect your child against the chickenpox, then talk to your pediatrician about getting them vaccinated. Your child has enough to worry about, without chickenpox being one of them.

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